What does the Quran say about Ramadan?

Dear MuslimKids, 


We know that Allah (ﷻ) revealed the Quran in Ramadan, but what does he say about Ramadan in the Quran? 

Let’s have a look, shall we?

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ ٱلصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

“O you have believed decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous.” [Surah Baqarah, 2:183]

This verse of Surah Baqarah is when Allah (ﷻ) first prescribed fasting on us. From this verse, we know that: 

  • Fasting is an obligation or a duty on us. 
  • We fast so that we may be increased in Taqwa which is piety or mindfulness of Allah (ﷻ). 
  • When we fast, we practice a lot of discipline because we have to stay away from yummy food and drink during the day. We have to be careful to control our anger and spend our time reading Quran and remembering Allah (ﷻ). So when Ramadan is over, we have had a lot of practice being good and it is easier to carry those habits over into the next few months. 

 وَأَن تَصُومُوا۟ خَيْرٌۭ لَّكُمْ ۖ إِن كُنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

“And to fast is better for you, if only you knew.” [Surah Baqarah, 2:184]

  • In this ayah, Allah (ﷻ) stresses on the importance of fasting.
  • First of all, we do it for Allah (ﷻ)! Simple as that! We do it ONLY out of our love for Him and He rewards us accordingly.
  • The Prophet (ﷺ) told us that if we fast an entire Ramadan for the sake of Allah (ﷻ) then all our past sins will be forgiven
  • Fasting makes us healthier.

يُرِيدُ ٱللَّهُ بِكُمُ ٱلْيُسْرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ ٱلْعُسْرَ وَلِتُكْمِلُوا۟ ٱلْعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ عَلَىٰ مَا هَدَىٰكُمْ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ

“Allah intends ease for you, not hardship, so that you may complete the prescribed period and proclaim the greatness of Allah for guiding you, and perhaps you will be grateful.” [Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:185]

  • If you open this ayah in your Quran, you will see that Allah (ﷻ) mentions that those who are ill or traveling can skip their Ramadan fasts and instead, make up for them later. 
  • This is because Allah (ﷻ) always wants our worship to be easy. 
  • Fasting is meant to make our bodies, minds and souls stronger and healthier and so if we are traveling or sick, Allah (ﷻ) exempts us from fasting without any sin so that we may reap ALL the benefits! 

So in just three verses from Surah Baqarah, Allah (ﷻ) explains Ramadan and fasting in so much detail! Can you think of any other verses on fasting and Ramadan? 

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